Temporomandibular Joint Issues

Commonly described with symptoms such as jaw dislocation, jammed jaw, pain when opening the jaw, and shifting when opening the jaw, temporomandibular disorders have various causes. Joint disorders consist of functional disorders such as the inability to open the mouth widely, and jaws getting stuck in an open or closed mouth position. From joint repair to the removal of the joint and artificial joint prosthesis placement, it is treated with different methods. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders (TMD) are pain and function disorders on the temporomandibular joint. The harmony between the joint surface and the disc is compromised. Today, temporomandibular joint disorders are quite common among the populace.

What are the symptoms of Temporomandibular Disorders?

Pain on the jaw (The patient may feel prickly and severe as well as constant pain every time they swallow, yawn, chew, or speak. Pain may occur just in front of the temporomandibular joint or spread to many other regions such as the face, head, ears, or jaw by causing a muscle spasm)

Inability or limited ability to open the jaw

Popping, clicking, or grating sounds in the joint when opening or closing the mouth.


Ear pain and/or ear ringing

Pain in the head and neck area reflected pain on arm.

Mild swelling on both sides of the face

Muscle spasms in the area of the joint

Temporomandibular Joint Disorder Treatments

The temporomandibular joint is one of the most different joints in the body. The joint is formed by the muscles connecting the lower and upper jaw which facilitates the opening and closing of the jaw as well as mastication (chewing). The treatment of joint problems differentiates from simple to complex treatments according to the diagnosis. There are treatments ranging from nightguards to open joint surgery. The patient should not excessively open his jaw during meals or yawn and avoid consuming extremely rough and solid food. During the treatment, your dentist may recommend muscle relaxants and painkillers if necessary.

Temporomandibular joint disorders may be caused by existing tooth crowding, spaces due to missing teeth, chewing by favoring one side of the mouth, tooth alignment abnormalities, connection disorders between the upper and lower jaw, tooth clenching or grinding, stress, direct trauma on jawbone or joint (due to accident or impact), developmental defects of the joint (hypoplasia etc.), degenerative joint diseases (osteoarthritis, arthrosis), autoimmune diseases (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus) or these conditions can worsen the existing joint problems. In cases where the teeth and inter jaw relationship are compromised, orthodontic treatments or prosthetic treatments are necessary to remedy the bite and alignment issues. In addition, your orthodontist may recommend joint-oriented treatments along with a jaw surgeon when necessary.

Today, the diagnosis and treatment of joint disorders are performed with advanced cutting-edge techniques. Electromyography (EMG), special computer analysis and Transcutaneous Electroneural Stimulation Sonography (TENS) are among such utilized techniques.

Thanks to the new techniques, joint disorders are diagnosed in shorter time-frames, therefore enabling to start of the treatments earlier and the application of better treatments. As with any other illness, the important point is to refrain from waiting too long by thinking that it will resolve on its own and consulting the experts before the condition gets worse.

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